Bronze sculpture was born in Shangzhou. It is a kind of sculpture that uses copper as the embryo and uses carving, casting and other methods. The art of bronze sculpture mainly expresses the beauty of shape, texture, and decoration, and is mostly used to express mysterious and deterrent religious subjects.
Its shapes are mostly majestic and rough, dignified and calm, showing a solid, rich, splendid texture. The bronze carvings are mainly embossed, or animal head shapes, and then the birds, beasts, insects, and fish parts form an abstract pattern to set off the bronze carving shapes. Important bronze sculptures in Chinese history include the "Bo Qu" of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the "Simu Wu" tripod of the late Shang Dynasty, and the "Ma Ta Fei Yan" of the Han Dynasty.
Copper carving crafts, a kind of crafts. Handicraft products, that is, products made by processing raw materials or semi-finished products by hand, are a general term for a group of value artworks. It includes many types, including lacquerware, pottery, porcelain, folk crafts, wood carving crafts, birch bark crafts, wheat straw crafts, Shiwan dolls, bronze wares and so on.
Hangzhou bronze sculpture, as a variant of Chinese bronzes, represents the advanced level of Chinese bronze art. This precious historical heritage cannot be replaced by modern technology. At present, young people are reluctant to learn the traditional bronze carving skills due to the difficulty of the skills and the long period of study. With the change of social life, daily necessities such as copper pots are gradually eliminated, and the practice of copper sculpture production has stalled. Coupled with the lack of scientific research on this excellent traditional craftsmanship, there is not much that a series of production techniques such as wrong gold and mosaic can continue to exist. Hangzhou bronze carving skills are already endangered, and it is extremely necessary to protect and rescue them.